According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), heart disease accounts for one in every four deaths in the United States every year, making it the leading cause of death for American adults. There are different types of heart disease and a number of factors that increase the risk of developing cardiac problems, from lifestyle and diet to family history and genetics. If you have an elevated risk for heart disease, stress tests and EKG help to monitor your heart. They're also a diagnostic tool for people exhibiting signs of a heart attack or cardiac disease. Our cardiologist Dr. Pradip Baiju and the cardiology team at Heart and Vascular Care, PA, offer vascular care and diagnostic testing across three convenient locations in Orlando, FL.
Cardiology Services in Orlando, FL
A stress test lets your cardiologist see how your heart reacts to physical exertion and exercise. A stress test usually involves walking or jogging on a treadmill, or riding a stationary bike. Your breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure are monitored to get an idea of how hard your heart is working during physical activity in order to detect potential problems.
An EKG (electrocardiogram) is a diagnostic test that monitors the electrical signals in your heart to check your heart rhythm and identify any irregularities.
Types of Heart Disease
Heart disease covers a range of abnormalities and defects including:
- Congenital heart disease (present from birth)
- Arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat)
- Artery disease (weakened or blockage in the arteries that supply blood to the heart)
- Heart attack (myocardial infarction)
- Pulmonary stenosis
- Mitral valve problems
Other health problems like diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol are also risk factors for heart disease when left untreated.
Find a Cardiologist in Orlando, FL
For more information about cardiovascular disease prevention and treatment services, contact Heart and Vascular Care, PA by calling (407) 730-8970 to schedule an appointment at one of our three convenient Orlando locations.
Varicose veins. Your mother suffered with them, and now you do too. Luckily, here at Heart and Vascular Care, PA in Orlando, FL, your cardiologist, Dr. Pradip Baiju, evaluates and treats these dysfunctional blood vessels, improving blood flow, personal appearance, and level of physical activity. With his help, you can receive permanent help for this uncomfortable condition!
What are varicose veins?
Veins are the non-elastic blood vessels which return de-oxygenated blood to the heart. Coursing throughout the body, veins contain small valves which can become dysfunctional or incompetent, leading to the pooling of blood in the extremities.
These poorly functioning veins are called varicosities, or more commonly, varicose veins. They tend to run in families and particularly plague women (especially during pregnancy), people who stand for long periods of time, and those that are obese.
Because these blood vessels do not work well, they become deformed, twisted, and lumpy, showing through the skin of the feet and legs. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute says that people with even mild varicose veins can experience symptoms such as:
- Swelling (and impaired mobility)
- Veins that appear obvious and unattractive
- Discolored skin
- Pain or a feeling of heaviness
Treating varicose veins
Ultrasound imaging and/or simple visual inspection give your Orlando, FL, cardiologist sufficient information to diagnose and treat varicose veins. For many people, wearing compression stockings for a prescribed amount of time daily improves blood flow back to the heart, reducing swelling and pain. In addition, simply being more active and not crossing your legs when sitting reduces pooling of blood in legs, ankles, and feet.
More serious cases of varicose veins may require surgical interventions such as:
- Radiowave or laser ablation, an in-office procedure which destroys the incompetent veins and redirects blood flow to healthier vessels
- Stripping, or removal, of the great vein saphenous vein or other small veins
- Sclerotherapy, salt solution injections which effectively kill, or collapse, selected veins
The Society for Vascular Surgery reports that a full 25 percent of men and women in the United States suffer from varicose veins. Are you one of them? If so, please call Dr. Baiju of Heart and Vascular Care, PA. To arrange your consultation, please contact one of our three Orlando offices by dialing (407) 730-8970.
Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) affects more than 8 million Americans, according to Dr. Pradip Baiju, your Orlando, FL, cardiologist. The chance of having PAD increases as you age, people over 50 have a higher risk.
More About Peripheral Artery Disease:
PAD is a result of hardened and/or clogged leg arteries. When your legs' arteries are plagued with plaque, there's minimal blood flow and poor circulation, which may be fatal and disabling.
The arteries in your harden and become narrower with time, which decreases blood flow to your heart and brain. This increases a person's chances of suffering from a heart attack or a stroke. People also suffer from non-healing ulcers, gangrene, and amputations.
There are additional risk factors other than age:
- Atherosclerotic coronary
- Carotid or renal artery disease
- Abnormal lower extremity pulse examination
- Patients with leg symptoms when they exert themselves:
- Ischemic rest pain
- Patients over the age of 70
- Patients age 50 to 69 with a history of smoking or diabetes
Common Symptoms of Peripheral Artery Disease:
- Claudication, pain in your legs, thighs, or buttocks while walking
- Foot or toe pain that disturbs your sleep
- Skin wounds or ulcers on your feet or toes that heel slowly
Common Tests Used to Diagnose PAD:
There are several procedures your Orlando cardiologist conducts to test for PAD.
- Ankle Brachial Index screening test
- Measuring blood pressures and oxygen levels: Toe Brachial Index, TCP02, Arterial Doppler, CT angiography, MR angiography, and Abdominal angiography with runoff
Peripheral Artery Disease Treatment:
- Quit smoking
- Monitor your blood pressure
- Monitor your cholesterol
- Manage your blood glucose
- Healthy dietary plan
- Exercise (walking for 30 minutes, 3 or 4 times a week)
Do you need to speak with a cardiologist about peripheral artery disease? If you have any questions, concerns or would like to make an appointment, call Heart and Vascular Care in Orlando, FL, at (407) 730-8970 to learn more today!
Are your feet and hands cold even in warm summer weather? Do your legs cramp when you walk upstairs? These symptoms and more could indicate poor peripheral circulation, a dangerous medical condition diagnosed and treated by Heart and Vascular Care in Orlando, FL. Pradip Baiju and his team know the details of PAD (peripheral artery disease) and they can help.
What is poor circulation?
In his Orlando offices, Dr. Baiju sees many patients who suffer from the reduced blood flow, stenosed (narrowed and hardened blood vessels), and other debilitating symptoms of PAD, including:
- Leg cramping
- Numbness and tingling in the hands and feet
- Dry, itchy skin
- Mental fogginess
- Varicose veins
- Poor healing
Unfortunately, 12 to 20 percent of older Americans--those 65 and older, have some degree of impaired circulation, says the American Heart Association. Also, age and gender are factors as men over 50 seem to experience PAD more frequently. Poor circulation can lead to even more serious problems such as heart attack, stroke, and coronary artery disease.
What can be done
Of course, if you experience symptoms of poor circulation, you should contact Heart and Vascular Care for evaluation by Dr. Baiju and his caring team. You'll experience a full diagnostic workup to evaluate your symptoms and their causes.
For many patients who have mild to moderately impaired peripheral circulation, lifestyle modifications and medications work to open blood vessels, prevent further damage, and improve daily function. Such strategies often include:
- Smoking cessation
- A healthy diet (low in cholesterol and sodium)
- A simple exercise routine (walking is very beneficial)
- Weight loss
- Blood sugar control (diabetes is a risk factor for PAD)
For more advanced cases, Dr. Baiju is fully qualified and experienced in advanced endovascular and bypass graft surgeries. This means placement of stents to increase blood flow or rerouting circulation through veins grafted to blocked blood vessels. At Heart and Vascular Care, Dr. Baiju performs many catheterization procedures on-site to improve blood flow.
Contact us today!
If you have symptoms of poor circulation, please call Heart and Vascular Care for a comprehensive evaluation by Dr. Baiju. We have three Orlando offices—one on North Semoran Blvd, another on Narcoossee Road, and one on Lake Underhill Road. Phone (407) 730-8970 to speak to a team member.
Welcome to the Blog of Heart and Vascular Care, PA
Heart and Vascular Care, PA would like to welcome you to our blog. Here you will find informative and useful postings about cardiology and our practice.
At Heart and Vascular Care, PA we believe that educated patients are better prepared to make decisions regarding their heart health and wellbeing. Our blog was designed to provide you with valuable cardiovascular health information, the latest cardiology developments and heart health advice from our dedicated team.
Heart and Vascular Care, PA hopes you find our blog to be a great resource for keeping up to date with proper cardiology care and treatments.
We welcome all comments and questions.
-- Heart and Vascular Care, PA
This website includes materials that are protected by copyright, or other proprietary rights. Transmission or reproduction of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use, as defined in the copyright laws, requires the written permission of the copyright owners.